Center for the Study of Philippines-China Relations (CSPCR)

China, Philippines jointly launch forum, award to promote bilateral relations. Read more.


The CSPCR is a voluntary, non-government, and inclusive academic association of individuals pursuing instructions, research, and studies on the various aspects of Philippines-China relations, particularly on the South China Sea issue and counterterrorism cooperation.


The CSPCR evolved from a Study Group on Philippines-China Relations organized by the Philippine Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research (PIPVTR) in 2015. PIPVTR originally called it the Consortium for the Study of Philippines-China Relations being a loose network of scholars interested to conduct research on the various aspects of the bilateral ties. PIPVTR organized this academic consortium on 9 June 2016 during the Philippines-China Friendship Day, soon after President Rodrigo R. Duterte enunciated his friendly policy towards China.

PIPVTR convened the CSPCR in November 2018 after the visit to the Philippines of Chinese President Xi Jingping who declared the establishment of “comprehensive strategic cooperation” between the Philippines and China. The CSPCR continues to be part of PIPVTR under its Philippines-China Studies Program and South China Sea Studies Program.

On 9 June 2020, on the occasion of the celebration of the 45 years of Philippines-China relations amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, PIPVTR elevated the status of the CSPCR from a consortium to a full-blown research center. The CSPCR is currently headed by Dr. Rommel C. Banlaoi who is also currently the President of the Philippine Association for Chinese Studies (PACS) and member of the Management Board of the World Association for Chinese Studies (WACS).

Supporting the CSPCR are friends from the Philippines and China who are part of the Philippines-China Friendship Society (PCFS), which aims to deepen friendship and promote comprehensive strategic cooperation between the Philippines and China. The PCFS serves as the grassroots/people-to-people arm of the CSPCR. The CSPCR, on the other hand, serves as the research/academic arm of PCFS.


Though the focus of its academic activities is Philippines-China relations, participating scholars are not limited to Chinese and Filipinos. Other scholars from different countries are welcome to participate in the consortium in order to promote, sustain and enhance worldwide the study of various academic fields of Philippines.-China relations (culture, diplomacy, economics, history, politics, security, society, and others)


The CSPCR supports academic activities and policy studies to promote peace, friendship, conflict avoidance, and cooperation in the South China Sea, particularly between the Philippines and China. Towards this end, the CSPCR collaborates with the South China Sea Studies Program (SCSSP) of PIPVTR and other likeminded academic organizations in the world. As a partner of PIPVTR, the CSPCR also promotes the activities of the China-Southeast Asia Research Center on the South China Sea (CSARC) and the South China Sea Strategic Situation Probing Initiative (SCSPI).


Through the PIPVTR, the CSPCR undertakes two main research projects: 1) Safety of Navigation and Communication in the South China Sea; and 2) Crisis Prevention and Management in the South China Sea.

Together with PIPVTR, the CSPCR also closely collaborates with scholars studying the security aspects of Philippines-China relations and Philippines-China counterterrorism cooperation. Through the PIPVTR, the CSPCR endorses the publications and complements the activities of the Philippine Association for Chinese Studies (PACS) and the World Association for Chinese Studies (WACS).

One important academic purpose of the CSPCR is to examine the various implications of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) for Philippines-China relations, particularly in the context of the Maritime Silk Road (MSR). As such, it supports the idea of “Friends of the BRI in the Philippines” and promotes the establishment of Maritime Silk Road Studies Program Philippines (MSRSPP).


Photo Credit: Philippine News Agency

RP-China Relations at 45 Under the Covid-19 Pandemic. Read here.

45 Years of Philippines-China Relations: Deepening Friendship Towards Comprehensive Strategic Cooperation. Read more.

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Philippines, China Agree to Boost Ties Amid COVID-19 Fight. Read more.

Philippines-China relations under the Covid-19 pandemic. Read more.

45 Years of Bilateral Ties: Online Photo Exhibit. Learn more.

PH, China mark 45th year of diplomatic relations. Watch here.



45 Years of Philippines-China Relations: Deepening Friendship Towards Comprehensive Strategic Cooperation. Read more.

Philippines-China relations under the Covid-19 pandemic. Read more.

Philippines-China Cooperation In South China Sea During Pandemic. Read more.

No One Stopped Acting in the South China Sea amid COVID-19 Pandemic. Read more.

US-China Relations and COVID-19: Pursuing Chinese Studies during the pandemic and its aftermath. Read more.

Duterte Presidency: Shift in Philippine-China Relations? Read more.

Relations Between the Philippines and China After the Arbitral Ruling. Read more.

Commentaries on Philippines-China Relations Under Duterte Administration. Read more.

Chinese sources on the Philippines: New narratives on PH-China relations. Read more.

China’s rise, new immigrants (新僑): Impact on the Philippines. Read more.

Impact from Philippines Pivot to China: Costs and Benefits. Read more.

China’s Current Naval Strategy and the South China Sea Disputes: Maritime Security Dilemma in Philippines-China Relations. Read more.

Philippines-China Relations: Geopolitics, Economics and Counterterrrorism. Read more.

Philippines-China Security Relations: Current Issues and Emerging Concerns. Read more.

Security Aspects of Philippines-China Relations. Read more.

Defense and Military Cooperation Between the Philippines and China: Broadening Bilateral Ties in the Post-9/11 Era. Read more.

Southeast Asian Regionalism and China’s Soft Power Strategy in the Global Age. Read more.

Southeast Asian Perspectives on the Rise of China: Regional Security After 9/11. Read more

For more research and events on China, the Chinese and Philippines-China Relations, visit the Philippine Association for Chinese Studies (PACS) here.

News and analysis on China-Philippines relations from South China Morning Post. Read more

To build bridges of understanding between Chinese and Filipinos, visit Kaisa Para Sa Kaunlaran here.

To promote intercultural friendship between the Philippines and China, watch Chinatown TV.

To appreciate the role of Chinese in Philippine life, visit Bahay Tsinoy here.

A Filipino in China: A Perspective on Philippine-China Relations. A talk by veteran journalist Chito Sta. Romana, now Philippine Ambassador to China. Read more.


by Philippine Embassy in China

The diplomatic relations between the Philippines and China was established on 9 June 1975.  Since then, the bilateral partnership between the two countries has reached unprecedented levels in terms of politico/security and regional cooperation, trade, investment, agriculture, tourism, cultural and people-to-people exchanges, which have benefited the two countries and peoples. As stakeholders in the peace and prosperity of the Asia-Pacific region, the two countries have also cooperated closely in various regional and international issues that have profound effects to the stability and economic development of the region.  

Over the past 40 years, Philippines-China bilateral relations continue to strengthen. The relations are multi-faceted and involve the three branches of government – executive, legislative and judiciary, and the various sectors of society. Since 1975, the two countries have concluded almost 100 bilateral agreements that cover a wide spectrum – political, defense, trade and investments,  judicial cooperation, infrastructure development, energy cooperation, air services, cooperation in combating transnational crimes, consular cooperation, tourism, culture, sports, media exchange, agriculture, science and technology, sister cities, and people to people exchanges – reflecting the breadth and depth and the growing cooperation between the Philippines and China.

In April 2005, during the state visit of President Hu Jintao to the Philippines, he and then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo agreed to establish a strategic and cooperative relationship for peace and development between the Philippines and China. Since then, bilateral relations have been surging ahead in a comprehensive manner, with economic ties serving as the locomotive for cooperation. To underscore the importance of China to the Philippines, there are now seven Philippine foreign service posts in China – five in the mainland (Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Xiamen and Chongqing) and two in the Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong SAR and Macau SAR).

On 29 October 2009, during the official visit to the Philippines of Chinese Foreign Affairs Minister Yang Jiechi, the two countries signed the Joint Action Plan for Strategic Cooperation between the Philippines and China, an action-oriented roadmap that further deepened cooperation in all fields and provided strategic direction for long-term growth of Philippines-China relations for the benefit of the Filipino and Chinese peoples.  The Joint Action Plan was a five-year agreement that covered almost all areas of cooperation, from political, economic and trade, to cultural and people-to-people relations. 

During the State Visit to China of President Benigno S. Aquino III from 30 August to 2 September 2011, the two governments issued a joint statement reiterating their commitment to jointly pursue a long-term and stable relationship of strategic cooperation on the basis of mutual respect, equality, and mutual benefit.   

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte undertook a State Visit to China on 18-21 October 2016.  During the visit, President Duterte met with President Xi Jinping, Premier Li Keqiang, National People’s Congress Standing Committee Chair Zhang Dejiang, and Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli.  In the joint statement issued during this “milestone visit”, both sides acknowledged the centuries-old bonds of friendship of the Filipinos and Chinese people and agreed to continue to make concerted efforts to cement the traditional friendship between the two countries.  The Philippines and China also reaffirmed their partnership and their common aspiration to achieve development and inclusive growth for their peoples. (Please click here for the complete text of the Joint Statement issued on 21 October 2016.)

President Duterte visited China once again on 13-15 May 2017 to participate, along other 29 world leaders, in the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF) hosted by China. During his visit, he had separate bilateral meetings with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and President Xi Jinping. During these meetings, President Duterte renewed the Philippines’ commitment to pursue stronger ties with China and noted the steady deepening of the bilateral relations since he assumed office in 2016. The Chinese leaders, on the other hand, responded positively to President Duterte’s desire for more cooperation between the Philippines and China and expressed China’s willingness to support the Philippines’ various socio-economic and security programs, including the campaigns against illicit drugs, terrorism, poverty, and others.


President Ferdinand E. Marcos:   7 June 1975

President Corazon C. Aquino: 14 April 1988

President Fidel V. Ramos: 25 April 1993

President Joseph E. Estrada: 16 May 2000

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo:  29 October 2001;

       1-3 September 2004;  27 October-2 November 2006;

       21 April 2007; 5-6 June 2007; 1-2 October  2007; 30 March -1 April 2008,

       7-10 August 2008; 23-27 October 2008, 8-9 June 2010

President Benigno S. Aquino III, 30 August – 2 September 2011; 9-11 November 2014 (APEC Economic Leaders’ Week)

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte, 18-21 October 2016, 13-15 May 2017 (Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation)


Premier Zhao Ziyang:6 August 1981

Premier Li Peng:13 December 1990

President Jiang Zemin:23 November 1996

Premier Zhu Rongji: 26 November 1999

President Hu Jintao: 26-28 April 2005

Premier Wen Jiabao: 15-16 January 2007

President Xi Jinping:   17-19 November 2015 (APEC Economic Leaders’ Week)



1Q and 2Q of 2016p

2016QuarterExports(US$ billion)Imports(US$ billion)Total Trade(US$ billion)

2010 – 2015

YearExports(US$ billion)Imports(US$ billion)Total Trade(US$ billion)

Top 5 Philippine Exports to China in 2015

  1. Digital Monolithic integrated circuits
  2. Storage units
  3. Nickel ores and concentrates
  4. Electrical and electronic machinery, equipment and parts manufactured from materials on consignment basis
  5. Parts and accessories of machines

Top 5 Philippine Imports from China in 2015

  1. Materials, accessories and supplies imported on consignment basis for manufacture of semiconductor devices
  2. Photosensitive semiconductor devices, including photovoltaic cells
  3. Parts of electrical apparatus for line telephony or line telegraphy
  4. Glazed ceramic mosaic cubes
  5. Parts and accessories of automatic data processing machines

Sources:  Philippine Statistics Authority and Department of Trade and Industry

Philippine Investments to China in 2015: US$ 39 million
Source:   Ministry of Commerce of China

Chinese Investments to the Philippines in 2015: US$ 23.27 million 
Source: Board of Investments of the Philippines

Official Development Assistance from China: US$1.27 billion (2002-2010)

Source: National Economic and Development Authority

Chinese Tourist Arrivals to the Philippines

1Q and 2Q 2016

Rank for 20162016Rank for 20152015

2008 – 2015

YearNo. of Arrivals

Source: Department of Tourism

Philippine Tourists to China for 2015: 1,004,000 tourists

Source: China National Tourism Administration

Promoting research and studies to support comprehensive strategic cooperation between the Philippines and China.

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